What Was The Purpose Of The Munich Agreement

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Kerry himself had invoked Munich in a speech in France, in which he advocated military action in Syria saying, „This is our Munich moment.“ [108] The „guarantees“ of Germany and Italy will not „guarantee“ Czechoslovak neutrality until the demands of Hungary and Poland are met – that is, their guarantee will only be given, if any, once the division of Czechoslovakia has progressed further. It is to be feared that by that time any guarantee, whether German and Italian or French and British, would have lost all meaning to which it might have been made in the past. The British people expected war to come, and Chamberlain`s „statesman gesture“ was initially greeted with applause. He was greeted as a hero by the royal family and invited to the balcony of Buckingham Palace before presenting the deal to the British Parliament. The generally positive reaction was quickly refused, despite the royal patronage. However, there was resistance from the beginning. Clement Attlee and the Labour Party rejected the deal in alliance with two Conservative MPs, Duff Cooper and Vyvyan Adams, who had previously been seen as a tough and reactionary element in the Conservative Party. When Germany, France, Britain and Italy signed the Munich Accords in the early morning of September 30, 1938, the Nazis took control of the Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia, where ethnic Germans lived mainly along the Czech border. The treaty also allowed Germany to take control of Czechoslovakia, which it officially did on March 15, 1939.

Remarkably, Czechoslovakia was not represented at the conference that decided the fate of that country. .


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